Bagerhat A historical place of the country

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Bagerhat  

Bagherhat district is a district from the southern part of Bangladesh under the administration of Khulna division. The total area of the district is 3959.11 Sq Km and the total population is 1549031. The geo location is in between 21°49′ and 22°59′ north latitudes and in between 89°32′ and 89°98′ east longitudes. gopalganj and narail districts on the north of Bagerhat bay of bengal on the south, Gopalganj, pirojpur and barguna on the east and Khulna is to the west. Main rivers are pasur, madhumati, Baleshwari, Kaliganga, Haringhata, Bangra, Bhola. There are eight upazilas under the district, they are Bagerhat Sadar Upazila, Chitalmari Upazila, Fakirhat Upazila, Kachua Upazila, Mollahat Upazila, Mongla Upazila, Morrelganj Upazila, Rampal Upazila, Sarankhola Upazila.

History

Located at the confluence of two historical rivers, the Brahmaputra River and the Ganges, Bagerghat is also known as the Mosque City for the presence of a large number of mosques in the district. The domed structures of the mosques built with bricks in the 15th century are considered an architectural marvel.[2]

 

Bagerhat was declared a district in 1984.[1] The district today is the fourth largest district in Bangladesh on the basis of area.

Bagerhat district is located in the south western part of Bangladesh. The ancient name of the region was “Khalifatabad.” There is some controversy about naming the district. Some historians think that the region is adjacent to Sundarbans and it was once under the raid of the tigers (Bagh). It is called bagher hat and by the time the region was named as bagherhat. Some historians believe that the name came from bakerhat which was sat on the Variab river. Some other think that it has come from the bag (garden ) “Khalifa –e- Abad” established by Khan Jahan Ali. The name of great saint Khan jahan ali is connected to the district. He migrated to the district in the 14th century with a number of followers from delhi and established the khalifabad pargana covering the areas of Khulna, Bagherhat, jessore, satkhira and Barisal. He ruled the pargana from 1429 to 1449 till his death. Raja Prajapaditya conquered the Pargana on the year he died. Bagerhat police station was established in the British period under the khulna division. During the war of liberation Pakistani army entered the district area in April and killed 200 innocent people. There are 9 marks of the war of liberation like mass grave at Chitalmari, Sakharikathi, Morrelganj, Ranjitpur, Teligati etc.

Average literacy rate of the district is 58.7%. noted educational institutions are  Khalilur Rahman Degree College (1968), Sarankhola Degree College (1978), Shaheed Smriti Degree College (1993),Angra Government Primary School (1918), Madartali Government Model Primary School (1928), Madhabkathi Ahmadia Fazil Degree Madrasa (1915, Chingrakhali Secondary School (1920), Khan Jahania Secondary School (1923), Kachubunia Rahmatia Secondary School (1927) and others.

The people of bagerhat is heavily dependent on agriculture. Some other professions are including commerce 17.28%, transport and communication 3.3%, service 8.05%, and others.

Bagerhat

There are many places to be visited in bagherhat. The most popular place of bagherhat and one of the historical heritage of the country is the shatgumbad mosque. Other places are including Saint Paul’s Church, the tomb of Khan Jahan Ali,Karamjal of sundarbans and Hiron Point.

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