Bogra is a northern district of Bangladesh under the administration of Rajshahi Division. It is the gateway of north Bengal. The bogra town is an industrial city where many small and medium industries are set up. Bogra is the bridge with Rangpur and Rajshahi division. It was under the region of ancient Mahasthangar. The area of the district is 2898.25 sq km and the population is 3370000. The geo location is in between 24°32′ and 25°07′ north latitudes and in between 88°58′ and 89°45′ east longitudes. There are 12 upazilas under the district and sariakandi is the largest and the shortest is sonatala by area. Main rivers are karatoya, jamuna, nagar, Bangali, ichamati. Noted beels are Erulia, Dasukdaha, Sara, Gobarchapa, karatoya, jamuna, nagar. Bogra is famous for many Buddhist stupas Hindu temples and ancient places.
The bogra district occupies an important place. During the medieval period the territory was the part of the Pundras or Paundras also known as Pundravardhana the kingdom of eastern India. The name, Pundravardhana, occurs frequently in the Mahabharata, Ramayana and the various Puranas. Bogra region was under the rule of the Mauryas in the 4th century BC. This is evident of some Pillars of Ashoka in many parts of Pundravardhana and from the discovery of an old Brahmi Inscription at Mahasthangarh. The Buddhist believer Ashok put to death many naked Sectarians. In the middle of the 8th century a royal dynasty known as pala dynasty ruled over the region. Dharmapala son of Gopal founded the famous Buddhist Vihara at Somapuri in Varendra. The present Bogra district was formed in the British period in 1821. On 29 march in 1971 general people and students under the leadership of gias killed 23 pak soldiers and destroyed 3 military vehicles. In April the pak army killed 16 members of Bamcharan family of shibganj Upazila. In april the freedom fighters looted the state bank of Pakistan and deposited the money to the provisional mujibnagar government to bear the expense of the war. The pak army fired and killed many villagers during the liberation war. Pak army killed 14 person of narchi village and buried in a mass grave.
Average literacy of Bogra is 42.9%. noted educational institutions are Sheed Ziaur Rahman Medical College (1992), Government Azizul Huq College (1939),Kajla Government Primary School (1905), Sondabari Darul Hadis Rahmania Madrasa (1700), Government Mostafabia Alia Madrasa (1925), Talora Altaf Ali High School (1918), Dupchachia Pilot Girls’ High School (1923),Sariakandi Government Model Primary School (1905), Hatfulbari Government Primary School (1905),Shibganj Pilot High School (1931), Dupchachia Pilot High School (1944).
Bogra was once the industrial capital of Bangladesh as there were many heavy industries owned by the local elite families. Among them some of the noted companies are Bogra Cotton Spinning Mills, Habib Match Factory, Golam Kibria Soap Works, Bhandari Glass works,Agrofresh Limited, Snowbe Ice Cream Industry and so on.
Folk cultures of Bogra are included Marefati, dehatatwa, dhua, meyeli gan and other types of folk songs and also Prabad, Prabachan, folk-tales.
Noted personalities from Bogra is Major Ziaur Ziaur Rahaman( Politician), Noresh Chandra Sen Gupta, Bulbul Chowdhury, Azizul Hoque (Poet), Enamul Hoque (Writer), Lutfar Rahaman Sarker, Sayad Anower Hossain, Chowdhury Mohammad Ali (Politician), Aminul Karim Dulal (Fine Artist), Khandaker Faruque Ahmed, Gaziul Hoque (Language Fighter) and so on.
The main tourist attraction of Bogra is the historical Mahasthangarh, the earliest urban archaeological site so far discovered in Bangladesh. Other tourists place are including Bara Mosque, Mazar of Shah Sultan Balkhi, Mazar of Panchpir, Gokul Medh, , Saudia City Park, Bhimer Jangle, palace of Parshuram, Basu Bihara, Palli Unnayan Academy.
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