Chandpur is the district of under the administration of Chittagong division. Earlier it was a part of greater comilla. It is surrounded by the munshiganj and comilla districts on the north, noakhali, lakshmipur and barisal on the south, Comilla on the east, and Munshiganj districts on the west.It has an area of 1704.06 sq km with the population of 2514000. There are 8 upazilas in the district, they are Chandpur sadar, kachua, Faridganj, Matlab Uttar, Matlab dakshin, Shahrasti, Haimchar, Hajiganj. The geo location of the district is between 23˚29’ to 24˚04’ North latitudes and between 90˚06’ to 91˚09’ east longitude. Main rivers are Dakatia, Meghna, Dhonagoda, Motlab, Udhamdi etc. Chandpur District is most popular for Hilsha fish.
Chandpur district is situated in the east central part of Bangladesh in the Chittagong division. According to the atlas of Major James Renal a minor region named Chandpur was found. The administrative region were southern part of the chandpur which was named Narsinghapur. The area was absorbed in the river. During the reign of Baro bhuyan the area was under the rule of Chand Narayan roy. It is believed that the region was named after him. It is also said that the district was named after chand fakir. After the liberation war of Bangladesh chandpur was upgraded to a district in 1984. During the war of liberation the pak army brutally killed 50 persons and set many houses on fire in the village kashimpur. After the killinf the freedom fighters attacked on pak army and killed 17 of them although two freedom fighters were killed too. In another encounter between the pak army and allied forces 35 pak soldiers were killed and 13 members of the allied force. There is a monument ‘Aungikar’, ‘Amra tomader bhulbana’ (we shall never forget you) at Faridganj, ‘Dipta Bangladesh’ at Matlab, mass killing site: Raghunathpur Bazar (Hajiganj), Hamidia Jute Mills Compound, mass grave: Nasircourt (Hajiganj). All of them are the relics of the war of liberation.
Average literacy rate of the district is 50.3% and there are 47 colleges, 240 secondary schools, 1740 primary schools, 240 secondary schools, 1167 madrasas and many others. Prominent educational institutions are Zelani Chisti College Faridganj Degree College, Haimchar Degree College, Char Kalia High School, Naobhanga Joypur High School,Shahrasti Model School, Amanullah Govt. Primary School, Paikdi Govt. Primary SchoolPurbo Jafarabad Govt. Primary School, Modhya Raghunathpur Govt. Primary School, , Chandpur Govt. Technical High School, Janata High School, Puran Bazar Girls High School.
The distinctive folk literature of Chandpur includes folk tales, ballads, legends, historical tales, ballads-songs,’ upakatha-rupkatha (fairy tales), sloka, spiritual songs etc. Folk games and sports include Ha-du-du, Dariyabanda, gollachhut, dang-guli, kadikkhela, Lai khela, Bauchhi, kanamachhi, kamalachuri, baghbandi, panchghunti, solaghunti, latim, ekka-dokka, etc. Most of these games and sports are now either extinct or nearly extinction.
Main sources of income of the district are agriculture including rice, fish and other crops production.
Popular tourist attractions of the district are Chandpur River Port, River Research Institute, Mole head outfall in Barostation, Historical Baro Mosque of Hazigonj, Monoshamura, Begum Mosque, Hajiganj Bara Mosque, Kali temple, Ilish Chattor, Lohagara ashram, Rare species of plants Naglingam in DC Banglow etc.