Chuadanga District- A Place With historical interest

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Chuadanga District  

Chuadanga is a district of Bangladesh under the administration of Khulna division with an area of 1177.40 sq km with total population of 1007130. The geo location of the area is in between 23°22′ and 23°50′ north latitudes and in between 88°39′ and 89°00′ east longitudes. It is surrounded by kushtia and meherpur districts on the north,west bengal state of India on the west and jhenaidah on the south. Main rivers are including Mathabhanga, bhairab, chitra, nabaganga, kumar. There are some beels also like Vandardaha, Jajari, Nurullahpur, Begumpur and Chandpur baors are notable. Chuadanga has four sub divisionsAlamdanga Upazila, Chuadanga Sadar Upazila, Jibannagar Upazila, Damurhuda Upazila.

History

According to Greek historians and the geographical formations, this region formed a part of the kingdom of Gangaridhi and a city named Gangey is also believed to be located in this region. During the British rule the region was the location of several movements like Wahabi Movement (1831), Faraizi Movement(1838–47), Sepoy Rebellion (1857), Indigo Rebellion (1859–60), Khilafat Movement (1920), Swadeshi Movement (1906), August Revolt (1942) and some others. During the British raj Chuadanga district was a sub division of Nadia district of west Bengal India. History of Chuadanga is available in Nadia District gazetteer.During the war of liberation in 1971 chuadanga was the location of more than 100 battles between the freedom fighters and Pakistani army. The first war command of Bangladesh was set up in the area under the command of major abu Osman chowdhury and ashabul haque joarder. In a public meeting joarder declared war against the occupied Pakistani military forces. In the region Bangladesh Red Cross society was founded. During the wartime chuadanga was declared as the provisional capital of Bangladesh. During the war more than 100 battle and encounters were happened between the pak army and the freedom fighters. According to records chuadanga district was liberated from the Pakistani army on 7 December 1971 few days before the independence of Bangladesh. There is a mass grave behind the Chuadanga Central Hospital.

Income sources of the district is mainly Agriculture 65.14%, non-agricultural labourer 2.99%, commerce 14.24%, transport and communication 3.46%, service 5.57%, and others. Besides the main economy agriculture the district is now experiencing industrial growth. Major industries include Zaman Group of Industries, Bangas bread and biscuit, Tallu Spinning mills Ltd,Khatun Plastic Limited (KPL), Darshana of Damurhuda Upazila of Chuadanga district is the largest sugar mill of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Sugar & Food Industries Corporation (BSFIC) which is an autonomous body of Ministry Of Industries (Government of Bangladesh).Chuadanga is connected to its four neighboring districts and connected to the rest of the country by three highways and railways.

Chuadanga District

Average literacy rate in chuadanga is 40.08%. there are 12 college, 117 secondary school and 257 primary schools in chuadanga. Noted educational institutions are Chuadanga Government College (1962), Darshana Government College (1969), Chuadanga Municipal College (1983),Munsiganj Academy (1935), Karpasdanga Secondary School (1940), Osmanpur Pragpur Madrasa (1949),Chuadanga Municipal College (1983), Chuadanga Ideal Girls’ College (1983) and others.

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