Cox’s Bazar is a district of Chittagong division of Bangladesh. It is located 150 kilometers south from Chittagong. The name of the district came from Captain Hiram Cox who was an army officer who served the British India. It is one of the largest fishing ports of Bangladesh. Cox bazar is sea beach is the largest natural sea beach of the world. The total population of the district is 2382000 in the area of 2492sq km. there are eight upazilas under the district, Chakaria Upazila, Cox’s Bazar SadarUpazila, Kutubdia Upazila, Maheshkhali Upazila, Ramu Upazila, Teknaf Upazila, Ukhia Upazila and Pekua Upazila.
The Arab traders came in close contact with cox’s bazar area situated between the two ports. The greater Chittagong including cox’s bazar was under the rule of harikela king in the 9th century. The history of the district starts in the Mughal period. when the Mughal Prince Shah Shuja (1616–1660) was on his way to Arakan, passed through the hilly terrain of the present day Cox’s Bazar. He was attracted to the scenery and the captivating beauty of the region. He commanded his forces to camp there. A place named Dulahazara, meaning “one thousand palanquins”, still exists in the area. After the Mughals the tipras and the Arakanese regained the control of the region after the Mughals. Later it was followed by the Portuguese and British. The district is named after the captain of Bitish India whose name was Hiram Cox. The town of the district was established in 1799 as a market in honor of the captain. After collapsing the British rule cox’s bazar remained the part of East Pakistan before the victory of Bangladesh. FazlulKarim was the first chairman of Cox’s Bazar municipality after independence from the British. He donated many of his father-in-law’s and his own lands to establish a public library and town hall. During the war of liberation pak army killed many people in the upazilaschakoria,
The major livelihood of Cox’s Bazar district is tourism and agriculture. Millions of foreign and Bangladeshi natives come to the beach area to visit this coastal city every year. A number of hotels, guest houses, and motels have been built in the city and coastal area where thousands of people are employed. A good number of people are involved in fishing and collection of seafoods. Many ornaments and decorative products made from snails, pearls, and shells are popular in the tourist area. In 2002 a surfing club was launched at cox’s bazar and holding competitions including the tourists.
Prominent tourists places are including COX’S BAZAR Sea Beach, Himchhari Water Fall, Inani Sea Beach, Sonadia Island, St. Martin’s Island, Bangabandhu Safari Park (DulaHazra), Dighi of Bir Kamala (Teknaf), Agnamedha Buddhist Keyang, ThoingaChowdhuryKeyang (Ramu), biggest’ Buddha statue on the Nathong Hill and the landing station of the Sub Marine Cable at Jhelangja.
Average literacy of the district is 30.18%; male 34.01%. there are 20 college, 2 pali college, one law college 1, 141 school, 561 primary school, and 240 madrasa. Noted educational institutions are Herbang Government Primary School (1884), Teknaf Government Primary School (1890), Pekua Government Primary School (1918),Cox’s Bazar Government College (1962), Chakaria College (1968),Idgaon Ideal High School (1928), Kutubdia High School (1938), Cox’s Bazar Government Girls’ High School (1960),(1930), Maheshkhali Government Vernacular School (1923), SaharbilAnwarulUlum Senior Madrasa (1918).