Gazipur District is a district of Dhaka Division in Bangladesh with an area of 1741.53 km2. The town area is 49.32 km2 and the town’s population is 123,531. It is bordered by the Narsingdi district on the east, Dhaka and tangail districts on the west, mymensingh and kishoreganj districts on the north, dhaka, narayanganj and narsingdi districts on the south. Administrative Gazipur District was formed in 1984. This district is one of the most important economic zones of the country. The district is constituted with 6 Upazilas (sub division of a district) Gazipur SadarUpazila, KaliakairUpazila, Kapasia Upazila, SreepurUpazila, Kaliganj Upazila, and Tongi. Main rivers of Gazipur are Brahmaputra, Shitalakshya, Turag, Bangshi, Balu and Banar.
Gazipur is special for business from the very old times. It was ruled by the British and by the zamindars earlier. During the war of liberation the Pak army killed mass people in different places of the upazila including Tongi BCSIC industrial area in Joydebpur on 7 April. The mass killing places were Achirpur, Baria, Ichharkandi and TongiShahidSmriti High School compound, Sreepur College compound and Khalapara National Jute Mill premises. The Pak army set the Kapasia Bazar on fire. Three persons were killed in a movement at Tongi on 4 March 1971. On 19 March 1971, the Pak army shot four persons dead at Joydebpur and ChandanaChowrasta. A face to face fight between the freedom fighters and the pak army was held near Sombazar Canal of Kaliganjupazila. Freedom fighters owned the WAPDA Power House military camp, Police Station and Arikhola Railway Station Camp. Seven Pak soldiers and two members of the force were killed in an encounter on 14 December at Pubail and Nalchhata. Fighters had a raid at the pak army base at kaliakair and killed 34 Razakars (enemy of the country) and 12 Pak soldiers. 52 pak soldiers were killed during a battle on 28 october at kachighata. The freedom fighters destroyed three vehicles of Pak soldiers which was carrying them and killed 27 of them. There are several marks of the liberation war. The mass killing sites are eastern side of the JoydebpurRajbari, Sathkamair, TongiShaheedSmriti School compound and at Gachha; Memorial monument.
The district earns 57.46% from Agriculture, 10.85%, from commerce 14.4% from services. There are many industries located at Gazipur including many garment factories. There are many corporate branches of many banks like Sonali Bank, Agrani Bank, Rupali Bank, Brac Bank etc.
The average literacy level of Gazipur district is 56%. There are five universities in GazipurBangabandhu Sheikh MujiburRahman Agricultural University, Islamic University of Technology, Dhaka University of Engineering and Technology,Bangladesh Open University and Bangladesh National University. Other popular and prominent educational institutions are including Gazipur Cantonment College, Rani Bilashmoni Govt. Boys’ High School, V.S.A.J Ansar V.D.P School And College,M. E. H. Arif College, Taraganj H. N. Higher Secondary School, St. Merry’s Girls High School, Tomilia, Kaligonj and others.
Notable personalities from the district are included Tajuddin Ahmed – the first Prime Minister of Bangladesh and MeghnadSaha – scientist. The BishwaIjtema a Global Congregation of Muslims is held in the district at Tongi.