Gopalganj is a district under the divisional administration of Dhaka. The district has about 1,172,415 civilians the total area is 1,490 km². The main city of the district is also called Gopalganj bounded by the Faridpur on the north, pirojpur and bagerhat on the south and Barisal on the North and Narail is on the west. Gopalganj is subdivided into five sub-districts (upazila/thana) and they are GopalganjSadarUpazila, KashianiUpazila, Kotalipara Upazila, Muksudpur Upazila ,Tungipara Upazila. Administration Gopalganj district was established in 1984 before separating from subdivision under Faridpur district. Gopalganj is the birthplace of Bangladesh’s great leader Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and her daughter prime minister of Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina.
The region was under the southern part of ancient region called Vanga. Here in Kotaliparain around 300 BC was the capital of Gangaridai dynasty. Gangaridai was one of the powerful rulers of Indian subcontinent. It was described in the Indica a work by the Greek traveller Megasthenes. During Sultanate and Mughal emperor several Hindu kings ruled the area. In 1713, one upazilaMuksudpur was the part of Jessore district while the rest of Gopalganj was part of Dhaka. Muksedpur was later transferred to Faridpur district in 1807. Gopalganj Sadar and Kotalipara was part of JalalpurPorgona of Faridpur district. Gopalgnaj – Madaripur was a large water body back then where maritime robbery was a regular activity. Thus, MadaripurMohakuma was separated in 1854 from Bakergonj District. The Police Station of Gopalganj was established in 1872 under the MadaripurMohakuma or Sub-division. The first sub-divisional officerwas Mr. Suresh Chandra Sen. The bench court was transformed into Criminal Court. In 1921, Gopalganj was elevated to township status which was inhabited by only 3,478 persons. After the liberation war in 1972, Gopalganj Sadarwas announced Municipality or Pourasava. Bangabondhu Sheikh MujiburRahmanwho declared independence of Bangladeshhailed from the district. HemaetUddin, leader of HemaetBahini, is known for his great contribution in the Liberation War of 1971. The 5 members, who participated in the first protest of liberation war, were from Gopalganj. Guerilla Training Camps took place in Bangabandhu Govt. School field, Hijlabari school field and the battles took place after Steamer of Major Ghouri entered Gopalganj from Khulna on 30 April. Gopalganj was not part of any sector and three forces took command of the operations namely HemayetBahini (Force), Mujib Bahini (Force) and Mukti Bahini (Liberation Force) under the command of Captain Hemayet Uddin BirBikram, Ismat Kadir and Lutfor Rahman respectively.
The notable educational institutions are included Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Science and Technology University, Govt. Bangabandhu University College, Sheikh Fazilatunnesa Govt. Mohila College, HaziLaal Mia City College, S.M. Model Govt. High School, Sheikh Russel Destitute Children Training and Rehabilitation Center at Tungipara, Bangabandhu Poverty Reduction Training Complex, sheikh Hasinagirls school and college.
Main sources of income Agriculture 61.75%, non-agricultural labourer 2.23%, industry 0.58%, commerce 13.92%, transport and communication 2.30%, service 11.14%, construction 1.60%, religious service 0.29%, rent and remittance 0.70% and others 5.49%.