Jamalpur is a district in Bangladesh and the part of Mymensingh Division. It was established in 1978 with the area of 2031.98 km², located in between 24°34′ and 25°26′ north latitudes and in between 89°40′ and 90°12′ east. The total population of the area is 568726. The district has 7 upazilas Dewanganj Upazila, Baksiganj Upazila, Islampur Upazila, Jamalpur Sadar Upazila, Madarganj Upazila, Melandaha Upazila, Sarishabari Upazila. The area is bounded by sherpur on the north, Muktagachha and mymensingh on the east. Main rivers are including old brahmaputra, banar, Madardhaw; Bamunji, Singar, Chatal and others. The region was established in 1853 and the municipality was established in 1869.
It is believed that the name of the district was come from the great saints Hazrat Shah Jamal (R) and Hazrat Shah Kamal (R). Their objective was to spread Islam and humanity. They were come from yemen during the period of Mughal rule under the emperor Akbar. The ancient name of the region was “Singhajani”.Jamalpur area started his first journey as the Mahakuma sub division of mymensingh district. Mr lord karjon declared jamalpur as a district but the movement of jamalpur district creation introduced in 1912 but could not implement due to various obstacles during that time. To set up the district headquarter government acquired 135 acres of land for the municipality area in 1917. In 1932 renowned educationalist and civil people spreaded the movement of creating jamalpur district. An agreement was happened netween jamalpur and tangail where the districts headquarter should be set up. It took 133 years to form jamalpur district. Many historical events took place in the region like the historicalFakir-sannyasi resistance(1772-1790),Indigo resistance movement(1829), Famine (1874), Construction of the railway communication (1899) and the War of Liberation in 1971. During the war of liberation the pak army and the local razakars conducted mass killing or heavy genocides in jamalpur. On 21 june the pak army killed 9 persons at the shashan ghat of jamalpur sadar upazila on the bank of the bhramaputra. In an encounter on 31 july 35 freedom fighters were killed including Capt. Salahuddin Momtaz, Ahaduzzaman, Abul Kalam Azad. After 21 days of fighting at kamalpur 220 pak soldiers under capt. Ahsan malik surrendered to the freedom fighters. Marks of the liberation war in including 33 mass graves and one memorial monument.
Average Literacy rate in jamalpur district is average 39.7%. noted educational institutions are including Bangladesh High School (1924), Shreerampur Multilateral High School (1927), Rashidpur NU Fazil Madrasa (1930), Nandina Maharani Hemanta Kumari Pilot High School (1935), Government Ashek Mahmud College (1946), Government Jaheda Safir Mahila College (1967),Shinghajani Girls’ High School (1901), Shinghajani Multilateral High School (1918), Kaidola Sahabajpur High School (1920).
The area is heavily dependent on agriculture and is an important market center for the rice, sugarcane, jute, tobacco, and mustard produced in the region. The city is connected by road, rail, and river with Dhaka and the rest of the country. The district exports jute tobacco, mustard seed, egg, pulse and handicrafts. Nakshikatha is a traditional occupation of the district. There are many industries like Weaving, embroidery, bidi factory, plastic goods bangle factory and others.
Notable personalities from the region are Khaled Mosharof (Freedom Fighter), Abdullah Al Mamun (Play Personality), Anower Hossain (Actor), Nazrul Islam Babu (Song Writer), Advocate Anwaruzzaman (Language Fighter), Dr Atiur Rahaman (Central Bank Governor) and others.
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