Khulna is the heart of Bangladesh’s southwestern province. It is one of the eight districts of Bangladesh and one of the oldest and third largest cities of Bangladesh. The division is consisted with 22,285 km2 with the population of 15,563,000. Khulna is named after the Khulleshwaridevi, a goddess of Hindu religion. Before the partition the majority people of Khulna were Hindu but in 1947 many of them were gone and now the majority people almost 80% are Muslims. Khulna city is located on the bank of Rupsha River which is an important hub of Bangladesh industries and companies. The port of Mangla located at Khulna is the second largest sea port of the country. One of two biggest naval command centers of the Bangladesh Navy BNS is located in the Division. Khulna is the main gateway to the world’s largest mangrove forest sundarban, home of Royal Bengal tiger. The historic Shat Gombuj mosque is located in bagerhat district of this Division which is declared as the world heritage site by the UNESCO.
Khulna was the part of the old kingdom of Vanga or Samatata. In the 12th century, it came under the Sena dynasty during the reign of BallalSena. The previous name of this region was Jalalabad.After two centuryShamsuddinFiroz Shah became the first Muslim ruler to arrive in the city. The Muslim engagements in the city increased during the time of ShamsuddinIlyas Shah. Many mosques and shrines were established after his rule started. In the 15th century, a Muslim saint named Khan Jahan Ali acquired a jagir comprising a large part of the greater Khulna Division from the king of Gauḍa. Later he started to practice full rights of sovereignty and continued till his death in 1459.After Khan Jahan Ali died, the city again became a part of the Sultanate of Bengal. whenDaud Khan Karraniwas ruling in the 16th century,was busy fighting the Mughals.One of the chief ministers of the rulerVikramaditya, obtained a grant in the southern Bengal including Khulna. He then established a sovereign kingdom, creating the capital at Iswaripur now in Jessore District. Vikramaditya was succeeded by his son Pratapaditya who earned preeminence over the Baro-Bhuyans, ruling of Southern Bengal. Man Singh I, a Hindu general of the Mughal emperor Akbar lose him in battle. Then Khulna remained under the rule of Nawabs till the 18th century before taking over by the British east India Company. In 1882, it became the headquarters of Khulna District. It was declared Municipal council in 1884 and upgraded to Municipal Corporation in 1984 on the golden jubilee of Khulna municipality. It was declared as a city corporation in 1990.
Khulna is the third largest economic zone in Bangladesh. It is situated at the north of the Port of Mongla. There are many heavy and light industries are serving for the economy. The major earning sectors are jute, chemicals, fish and seafood packaging, food processing, sugar mills, power generation and shipbuilding. Khulna has an Export Processing Zone which has attracted much foreign investment. Many corporate branch offices are located in Khulna like the M. M. Ispahani Limited, Beximco, James Finlay Bangladesh, Summit Power and the AbulKhair Group. Some of the largest companies based in the city include Khulna Shipyard, Bangladesh Cable Shilpa Limited, Bangladesh Oxygen, Platinum Jubilee Mills, Star Jute Mills and the Khulna Oxygen Company. Khulna has the largest mangrove forest Sundarban which experience a large amount of travelers every year from all over the world. Peoples visit there to see the natural beauty of the this world heritage site, such as mangrove forest, the Royal Bengal tiger, Chitra Deer and many other animals.
Khulna has many prestigious and historical educational institutions. Govt. Brajalal College is the oldest institution of higher education in the city, founded in 1902. Khulna University is the only public University of the country where student politics is strictly prohibited. Athere are other prominent institutions like Khulna University of Engineering & Technology (KUET) and a medical college Khulna Medical College (KMC). There are also some famous educational institutions like Azam Khan Govt. Commerce College, Khulna Govt. Women’s College, Govt.M.MCity College, Govt. Laboratory High School, Khulna Zila School, Govt. Coronation Girls School, St. Joseph School etc.
Cricket and football are the two most popular sports in Khulna. In domestic Twenty20 cricket, Khulna has a BPL franchise known as Khulna Titans which was named Khulna Royal Bengals. In football, Khulna Abahani Club played in Bangladesh Football Premier League. The only international sports venue in is KhulnaSheikh Abu Naser Stadium. It hosts all kind of international cricket, Test cricket, One Day International and Twenty20 International. in 2012 It became the 7th Test cricket venue in the country. Many cricketers of national team are from Khulna division.