Kushtia the land of lalon

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Kushtia  

Kushtia is a district of western part of Bangladesh under the Khulna division. Kustia has been a separate district during the partition of India and previously was a part of nadia district under the rule of British India. Kushtia was the ancestral land of many prominent personalities like Rabindranath Tagore, Lalon Fakir. The geo location of the region is in between 23°42′ and 24°12′ north latitudes and in between 88°42′ and 89°22′ east longitudes. It is surrounded by the rajshahi, natore and pabna districts on the north, chuadanga on the south, rajbari on the east and west bengal of India on the west. The total population of the district is 1740155 on an area of 1601 sq km. Main rivers of Kushtia are padma, Garai, Mathabhanga, kumar. Aminstration of Kushtia region was included in to Nadia District of India in the undivided Bengal. The district has six upazilas, Kumarkhali, kushtia Sadar, Khoksa, daulatpur, Bheramara, mirpur.

History

The shahi mosque of Kushtia shows the signof rich cultural heritage of the region from the Mughal period. Kushtia is the birthplace of many historical personalities like Mir Mosharraf Hossain and Lalon Fakir. Kushtia was nopt a separate district and it was a part of the Nadia district of west Bengal india. In 1869 kushtia municipality was established. Kushtia is one of the ancient towns of the country. A river port was developed in the district during the Mughal emperor. The British made an extensive use of the port. In 1860 a railway connection was made in the town which made it an alluring location for mills and factories. Shalghar Madhua in Kushtia district was one of the forerunners in this movement which inspired all indigo farmers in Kushtia to preventfrom paying government taxes. During the partition of India kustia was declared as a separate district. Kushtia district had signification contribution to the war of liberation. On 25 march 1971 pakistani army reached the jessore cantonment and initially captured the local police station. By 1 April pak army faced resistance from a group of police, ansars, students and local people as a result the freedom fighters took control of the area.

The people of the region are heavily dependent on Agriculture 51.71% and others are non-agricultural labourer 5.58%, industry 3.99%, commerce 17.61%, service 7.32%.

Average literacy of the region is 40%. Noted educational institutions are including Government University College (1947), Kushtia Government Mahila College (1967), ‘ Panti Degree College (1978), Kumarkhali MN Pilot High School (1856), Khoksa Janipur Pilot High School (1900Dinamoni Secondary School (1930), Goswami Durgapur High School (1860), Juniadaha Secondary School (1872), Bheramara Model Primary School (1869), Pragpur Government Primary School (1905), Mission Primary School (1989). Kushtia High School and Kushtia Zila School (1960), Daulatpur Pilot Secondary School (1963),

Kushtia

Kushtia is enriched with folk culture and the most notable folk culture of the district include Baul gan, Murshidi gan, Jarigan, Gazi gan, Marfati, Punthi-path (recitation from the puthi) etc

Some of the visiting places are Rabindra Kuthibari of Shelaidaha, The shrine of Fakir Lalon Shah, Living Place of Mir Mosharrof Hossain, Kushtia City Municipality House, Islamic University etc.

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