Madaripur district is under the administration of Dhaka division with an area of 1144.96 sq kmbounded by, barisal and gopalganj districts on the south, faridpur and munshiganj districts on the north and shariatpur district on the east and faridpur on the west. The total population of the district is 1146349 with 584016 male and 562333 female. Madaripur was previously under the administration of Bakerganj District as Madaripur Sub-Division formed in 1854. It was later included to faridpur and turned into a district in 1984. The administration of Madaripur district is controlled under 5 sub divisions MadaripurSadar, Kalkini, Rajoir, Shibchar and Dasar.
Madaripur district was named after great Sufi saint Badaruddin Shah Madarone of the Sufi saints who came to Bangladesh from Middle Eastern country to preach Islam in the 14th century. In the British Raj Madaripur started his journey as a subdivision in 1854 under bakerganj district and later it was separated from it and included in Faridpur and later turned into a district. Madaripur experienced one of the most important historical events Faraizi Movement led by Haji Shariatullah against the British Empire. During the liberation war in 1971 Pak army killed Abdur Rashid Khan (Sub Jailer of MadaripurSadarupazila) along with his entire family. The Pak army killed Abdur Rashid Khan (Sub Jailer of MadaripurSadarupazila) along with his entire family on 24 April 1971. A prolonged encounter was held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army near the Somaddar Bridge on the MadaripurTakerhat Road and a number of freedom fighters and pak soldiers were killed.
Faridpur District and the Padma River are on the north of the Madaripur district. The area of the town is 34.81 square kilometres (13.44 sq mi). A few years before Madaripurwas famous for Jute business and Jute industry. After the independence of Bangladesh, government seized all large private industries and formed BJMC. The jute industries of madaripur attracted many businessmen providing jobs to the locals. After 2000 in whole country the business started to lose profits.
Average literacy in Madaripur is 42.4%; male 46.9%, female 37.3%. Noted educational institutions included Government Nazimuddin College (1948), Government Barhamganj College (1964), Rajoir Degree College (1970), Kalkini Syed AbulHossain College (1972), Charmuguria College (1978), Government SufiyaMahila College (1984), Syed AbulHossain College (1989), Donovan Government Girls’ High School (1914), Mithapur LN High School (1915), Amgram High School (1917), Birmohan High School (1919), ‘Rajoir- GopalganjKapali RM High School (1930), Madbarer Char RM High School’ (1930), , Kadambari’ High School’ (1942), Shoshikar High School (1943), Shahebrampur Multilateral High School’ (1946), MunshiKadirpur High School (1950), Tekerhat High School (1952), BhandariKandi High School (1953), TantibariIslamia High School (1954), Kanthalbari High School (1962), Rajkumar Edward Institution (1902), Rajoir KJSS Model Institution, DK Ideal Syed Atahar Ali Academy (1995).
The main places of public interests in Madaripur are Dargah of Shah Madar (Rh), Bajitpur Pronabanda Temple, Kadambari Ganesh Pagol Temple, KhaliaRajaram Roy’s House. There is a large lake in the center of the town. This lake is one of the biggest lakes in Bangladesh. The Madaripur Lake (Shakuni Lake) has a great view. Madaripur district’s mosque, Chowdhury clinic, Niramoy clinic, Madaripur Municipality, M.M. Hafiz Memorial Public Library, Officer’s Club, Post Office, Madaripur Shilpakala Academy, Law College and District Shaheed Minar all are around the lake. During winter, the crop fields covered with yellow mustard creates a fascinated scene to refresh your mind. a lot of birds from many parts of the world spend the winter here they are called guest birds.