Magura is a district in south-western Bangladesh under the administration of Khulna division. Magura is 176 km far from the Dhaka. The geo location of the district is in between 23°15′ and 23°41′ north latitudes and in between 89°15′ and 89°42′ east longitudes. It is bordered by rajbari district on the north, jessore on the south, faridpur on the east and jheniadah on the west. Total population of magura is 824311 in the area of 1049 sq km. main rivers are including gorai-madhumati, Nabaganga, kumar. There are 4 sub divisions in the district magura sadar, Mohammadpur, shalikha, sreepur. Magura sub-division was established in 1945 and it was turned into a district on 1 March 1984.
During the medieval time the region was Buddhist majority during the period of bijay sen. According to the historians the first human locality of the region was in the estuary of Kumar River. There is no authentic information about naming the district. Some historians believe that magura was came from Mora Gang (dead river). There is a believe that magura was named after the mogh pirates who lived in the bank of Madhumati River. There is still some believe that the region was named after a cat fish named magur mach. The region was under the administration of jessore district during the British period. Magura was one of the most crime zones as it was the joint place of various Rivers. To protect the area from crime and robbery attacks magura was divided from jessore and a police station was established before forming the sub division. During the war of liberation the civilians and the freedom fighters encountered the pak army in 16 fronts. Many people died in the battle and the heroic role of “Lutfunnahar Helena” and her tragic death by the Razakars are proudly remembered. After the liberation of the country magura was upgraded into a district. There are some marks of the liberation war like there are 4 mass graves in the district area and one memorial monument.
Average literacy of the district is 44.7%. there are 17 colleges, 115 secondary schools and 370 primary schools. Noted educational institutions are including Government Hossain Shahid Suhrawardi College (1940), Shimakhali Primary School (1932), Bororia AW Senior Madrasa (1907), Nohata AG Fazil Madrasa (1921).Magura Government Boys’ High School (1854), Nakol Raicharan Secondary School (1901), Sreepur MC Pilot Secondary School (1902), Binodpur Basant Kumar Multilateral Secondary School (1904),Nohata Rani Patit Pabani High School (1924), Gangarampur PK Secondary School (1900), Hazipur Secondary School (1914), Shatrujitpur Kaliprasanna Secondary School (1919), Dhuljora Chura Gati Pratapchandra Secondary School (1927).
Main sources of income Agriculture 66.3%, commerce 12.34%, service 7.85% and others.
Prominent personalities are including Farrukh Ahmed(Poet), Sayad Ali Ahsan(Writer), Azizul Hoque (Writer), Late Mohammad Sohrab Hossain (Ex Member of National Assembly of Pakistan), Shakib Al Hasan (Cricketer), Late Poet Farrukh Ahmad, Great Muktibahini Leader Akbar Hossain Miah (Head of Akbar Bahini), Shahid Sirajuddin Hossain (Intellectual), Birprotik Golam Yakub Molla etc.
Tourist spots are including Gorai Bridge, Royal Palace of King Sitaram, Paul Chowdhury Royal Palace, Pir Mokerram Ali Tomb, Garib Shah Tomb, Remnants of the Rajbari of Raja Sitaram Roy, Rajbari of Raja Satrujit Roy, fortification of Debal Raja, Mosque at village Gopal (Mughal period), Siddheshwari Math at Athara Khada and Ashram of Nangta Baba etc.