Manikganj

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Manikganj

Manikganj District is a division of Dhaka district with the population of 698447 in the area of 1379 square kilometers. There are total 353201 male and  345246 female in Manikganj and most of them are Muslims. It is bordered by the Tangail on the north, Dhaka and Faridpur on the north and Paba, Sirajgabj on the west. The district is consisted of 7 sub division ManikganjSadarUpazila, SingairUpazila, ShivalayaUpazila, SaturiaUpazila, HarirampurUpazila, GhiorUpazila, DaulatpurUpazila. There are quite a number of rivers in Manikganj district The Padma, The Kaliganga, The Jamuna, The Dhaleshwari, TheIchamati

History:

Manikganj was the Upazila of Dhaka District and was turned into a district in 1984. In 1989 Manikganj experienced a disastrous tornado which was the world‘s worst tornado. 1300 people were instantly killed and 12000 were injured. The district found 83000 people homeless. There is a Zamindari house in Manikganj which was built during the rule of zamindars. During the war of liberation in 1971 the freedom fighters attacked a group of three hundred Pak-soldiers at the turn of the Nurani-ganga Khal. Threeof the boats were carrying the Pak army were sunk and a number of Pak soldiers including a Major were killed. The Pak-army killed 41 villagers by indiscriminate gun shot on 22 November. On 14 December the freedom fighters gained control of manikganj sadarupazila. There is a mass grave beside the thana pond which are the marks of the war of liberation war.

Education system is average in the district and average literacy rate is 41%.  Noted educational institutions are Government Devendra College (1942), Government Mahila College (1972), DaragramViku Memorial College (1966), KhondkarNurulHossain Law Academy, Primary Training Institute, Government Mahila College (1972), Primary Training Institute, Manikganj Government High School (1884), PatgramAnathBandhu Government High School (1915) Dhulla BM High School (1920), Jamirta SG High School (1921), Terasree KN Institution (1922), BarangailGopal Chandra High School (1924), BaliatiIswar Chandra High School (1919), Ghior DN Pilot High School (1929).

Main sources of income of the district are agriculture, laborer, commerce, and others. Local Newspapers and periodicals Daily are included Al-Azan (1992); weekly: AlorBani (1981), Ababil (defunct), Manikganj (1972), ManikganjBarta (1981), MuktirDak (1980), Navagram (1978), Jagarani (1965), Ritu-rang-man (1967), Abahaman (1978). Manikganjdistrict is rich in folk traditions, folk tales and folk games. The most notable folk culture of Manikganj district areBeraBhasan, Bichhat, Onni song. Other folk culture prevalent in Manikganj are Jarigan, Sarigan, Bhatiali, Rakhali, Kavigan, Murshidi, Marfati,Baul song, PoushParbaner’ gan, Gazirgan, Gazanergan, Behulargan, Banger biyergan, GhetuJatra, Dhuagan, Bichargan. The songs sung on the occasion of collecting mehedi, songs sung on the occasion of preparing turmeric, songs sung on the occasion of gayehalud, songs of marriage ceremony etc.

Manikganj

The places of interest are Padmar Par, Harirampur, TeotaJamindar Bari, Nava Ratna Temple, Ramkrishno Mission Sebasrom, AnondomoyiKalibari, GourangaModh, Narayan SadhurAsrom, Historical Shrine and Mosque of Machaine Village, Kabiraj Bari, Bathoimuri Shrine. The Baliati Palace is one of the most important ancient architectures in Bangladesh.  Many notable person were born in the district including AmartaSennobel laureate, MunirChowdhury, Educator, Dramatist and a martyr of Bangladesh War of Independence, was born in Manikganj.

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