Naogaon is a district in northern Bangladesh under the administration of Rajshahi division. It is located in the bank of Mini Jamuna river. The area of the town is about 38.36 km2 and the total population is about 150,025. The municipality of naogaon consists of 9 wards and 56 mahallas. The geo location of the area is in between 24°32′ and 25°13′ north latitudes and in between 88°23′ and 89°10′ east longitudes. It is surrounded by the west bengal state of India on the north, natore and rajshahi districts on the south, joypurhat on the east and nawabganj on the west. Main rivers are atrai, punarbhaba, little jamuna, nagar. Eleven Upazilas of the district are Atrai Upazila, Badalgachhi Upazila, Dhamoirhat Upazila, Manda Upazila, Mohadevpur Upazila, Naogaon Sadar Upazila, Niamatpur Upazila, Patnitala Upazila, Porsha Upazila, Raninagar Upazila, and Sapahar Upazila.
The word Naogaon has been originated from Nao (a french word means new) and Gaon (village). That means the word Naogaon means new village. By the passing of age the area was turned into Naogaon city and finally into the Naogaon district. In ancient time the region was included in Pundrabardhana. It also has been a part of Barendra region. The ancient inhabitants of the area inherited the Pundra nation. The region experienced many historical events like the Indigo Rebellion (1859-62), Peasant Revolt against the landlords (1883) are the remarkable chapters of the region. Naogaon subdivision was established in and turned into a district in 01 March 1984. Historical place paharpur is a small village km west from the naogaon district. Paharpur is the most important the largest ancient monastery as far as it is known. This architecture of the 7th century covers approximately 27 acres of land. There are total 177 rooms 45 cells with an elaborated gateway complex. The architecture looks like pyramid and high heels. Found objects are preserved at the verenda research museum. The antiques are included terracotta plaques, pottery, coin inscriptions, ornamental bricks and other clay objects. The region was the central part of the ancient Barendra region. During the war of liberation the headwuarter of the wing 7 was in Naogaon. In april 1971 many innocent people were killed by a surprise attack led by the coward pak army. They set the houses and markets on fire and continued to kill innocent peoples. There are huge number of mass grave and found 19 mass graves and 7 killing site.
The people of Naogaon is dependent on agriculture and todays Naogaon is known as the bread basket of Bangladesh. The area has very fertile inorganic soil. Main crops grown in the district are paddy, jute, wheat, maize, sugar cane, potatoes, pulses, oil seeds etc. this district has the highest number of rice processing mills.
Noted educational institutions are included Balihar Degree College, Bolihar, Bandai Khara Degree College, Atrai, Naogaon Government College, Naogaon (1962), Porsha College, Porsha, Sapahar Government Degree College (1973), Tetulia B. M. C. College, Tilna College, Agradigun ML High School, Dhamairhat, Alalpur Hagi Shek Alam High School, Manda, Al-Helal Islami Academy & College, Sapahar, Chak Atitha High School (1914), Naogaon, Chak Simla High School, Atrai, Chakmoiram Model High School, Dhamoirhat, Fatepur (2nd) High School, Gaganpur High School, Gobindapur High School, Khirshin S.K. High School, Patnitola, Kirttipur High School-1921, Kola Bijlee High School, Badal Gachi etc.
Places of visting interest are included Paharpur Purakirti and Buddhist Bihar, Patisar Royal Palace, Dhibor Lake, Kusumba Mosque, Boga Dargah, Jagaddal Bihara, Halud Bihar, Altopuri Bihar, Alta Dighi, Mohadevpur Razbari, Dudulhati Royal Palace, Sadar Balihar Royal Palace, Sadar Vimer Panti, Dhamoirhat Halud Bihars, Sapahar Joboi Bil etc.
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