Narail is a District of Bangladesh under the administration of Khulna division. The total area of the district is 978.76 sq km, geo location 23°02′ and 23°19′ north latitudes and in between 89°23′ and 89°48′ east longitudes. Total population of the district is 698447. It is bordered by the magura district on the north, khulna and bagerhat on the south, faridpur and gopalganj on the east and essore district on the west. Main rivers are madhumati, chitra, nabaganga, bhairab. Narail district has 3 upazilas which are kaila, narail sadar, lohagara. Administration Narail district was formed in 1984.
Historians believe that the town was named after a zamindar who established a maket at roopganj. They established a post office for the first time in the district during the British period. The large playing field kuriddobe was a gift of the zamindar family. The name of the zamindar was Narail. Some historians believe that the district was named after the great saint Narial fakir. During the period of Khan Jahan Ali (R) such Lorealls (fighter against enymies) guard the border standing on the high end of the bank of border canals. Indigo Revolt (1859-1860), Peasant movement, Tebhaga movement (1946) etc are the remarkable chapters of the region. Narail was under the administration of jessore district during rule of the british. During the war of liberation the youths of narail under professor mohammad miah captured arms and ammunitions of Narail Armoury. A group of freedom fighters marched towards jessore and launched an attack. On 2 April the freedom fighters attacked the rupganj military camp and the next day they attacked Narail town. The youths of Narail, under Professor Nur Mohammad Miah captured all arms and ammunitions of Narail Armoury and carried these to Lohagara. The pak army tortured and killed many innocent people with the help of local razakars. They killed many innocent peoples including freedom fighter Mizanur Rahman and motiar rahman.
Average literacy rate of narail district is 48.56%. There are many educational institutions in narail including 22 colleges, 115 secondary schools, 458 primary schools and others. Noted educational institutions are like Itna Secondary School (1930), Barai Para Primary School (1850), Babra Primary School (1895), Sahabad Majidia Aliya Madrasa (1950), ), Itna High School and College (1900), Kalia Shaheed Abdus Salam Degree College (1972),Narail Government Victoria College (1886), Lakshmipasha Ideal School (1889), Lohagara Model College,Naldi BSS High School (1916), Kashipur AC High School (1916), KDRK Secondary School (1920),Narail Boys’ High School (1854), VC High School (1857), Kalia Pilot High School (1865),), The Patna Academy (1912), Habakhali Hamidunnechha Secondary School (1916), Singasolpur KP Secondary School (1921), Singia-Hatbalpur Secondary School (1921).
Narail is heavily dependent on agriculture as most other region of the country. Narail is enriched with folk culture like Jarigan, Kabigan, Kirtan, Haloigan, Bhatiali, Meyeli geet (songs sung by women), etc.
Tourist places of Narail are including Narail Victoria College and Collegiate School is one of the oldest modern high schools in Bangladesh. It was set up in 1858 by the landlords of Narail who were proponents of education.
Narail Palace was one of the biggest landlord mansions of the Bengal region. After the partition of India the mansion was looted and vandalized. The mansion collapsed but there are still some signs like the Kaalibaari (temple of goddess Kali), Shibmondir (temple of Lord Shiva) and the Bandha ghaat on the River Chitra.
Notable personalities are including The famous writer Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, Sheikh Mohammed Sultan (10 August 1923 – 10 October 1994; a Bengali avant-garde artist.