Pabna district is located in between 23°48′ and 24°21′ north latitudes and in between 89°00′ and 89°44′ east longitudes with the population of Total 2176270 in the area of 2371.50 sq km. it is under the Rajshahi division. The district is surrounded by natore and sirajganj districts on the north, manikganj, Sirajganj and Jamuna River on the east, rajbari on the south and kushtia on the west. Main Rivers are Padma, Baral, Jamuna, ichamati, atrai, and Hurasagar. Pabna district was formed in 1832. There are 9 sub divisions of the district, Atgharia Upazila, Bera Upazila, Bhangura Upazila, Chatmohar Upazila, Faridpur Upazila (Formerly Bonwareenogor), Ishwardi Upazila, Pabna Sadar Upazila, Santhia Upazila, Sujanagar Upazila, Ataikula Upazila and Aminpur Upazila. pabna sadar is the largestand bhangura is the smallest upazila of pabna.
Archeologist Cunningham assumed that the name Pabna might be come from Pundra or Poondrobordhon civilization. The capital of the era was Mahasthangarh, the oldest city of Bangladesh. But this hypothesis has not received general acceptance among the historians. Many believe that pabna was named after paboni a branch of the ganges. A historian author Haraprasad Shastri said that the name came from Podubomba, a small feudal kingdom during the pal dynasty. Some thinks that the name pabna came from a Persian word named pobana who became a legendary for some good tasks and people honored him by giving the name of his river pabna. Pabna was one of the major areas involved in the indigo movement. Durinmg the liberation war, On 29 march 1971 22 pak soldiers were killed in pabna sadar upazlia telephone exchange compound. The pak army raided nagbari ferry ghat where a number of civilians were killed. On 9 april at nagbari ferry ghat a number of civilians were killed. In a battle in paikarhat on 19 april 25 freedom fighters were killed and 150 pak soldiers were killed. The pak army conducted mass killing, rap, arsenal and all kinds of inhuman activities. There are 4 mass grave and 7 mass killing sites as the marks of the liberation war.
Average literacy rate of pabna is 42.4%. Noted educational institutions are Taha Islamia Dakhil Madrasa (1923), Pabna Aliya Madrasa (1925), Sharatnagar Fazil Madrasa (1927), MC Jubilee High School (1936), Santhia Pilot High School (1943), Debattar Pilot High School (1966), Debattar Model Government Primary School (1880),Pakuria High School (1907), Banwari Nagar CB Pilot High School (1912), Dhobakhola Coronation High School (1912), Khalilpur High School (1917), Ruppur Girls’ School (1918), Pabna Edward College (1898), Sanra Marwari School and College (1917), Sara Marwari School and College,Town Girls’ High School (1903), Bera High School (1906), Bangladesh Railway Government Girls’ High School (1918).
Like most of the region of the country pabna is heavily dependent on agriculture. Main crops are Paddy, Jute, Sugarcane, Pulse, wheat, oil seeds, onion, garlic, betel leaf, pulses etc.
Noted tourist spots are Hemayetpur Mental Hospital, Jorge Court Bhaban, Edward University College, Jorbangla Temple, Hardinge Bridge, North Bengal Paper Mill, Lalon Shah Bridge, and Satsang Ashram etc.