Rajshahi is the district of Rajshahi division previously known as silk city. The city is the commercial and educational center of north Bengal. The rajshahi town is the administrative center and the headquarter of rajshahi division. The district has a population of 2573000 on an area of 2407 sq km. Modern Rajshahi lies in the ancient region of Pundaravardhana. The base of the city was established in 1634. The district has 9 subdivisions Bagha Upazila, Bagmara Upazila, Charghat Upazila, Durgapur Upazila, Godagari Upazila, Mohanpur Upazila, Paba Upazila, Puthia Upazila, Tanore Upazila. Rajshahi is the historic center of the silk production.
Rajshahi district was a part of the ancient Pundra region of the Bengal. It was the capital of vijay sen. The king led military operation in sri lanka and south east asia. the region of Rajshahi came to be known as Rampur Boalia. The naming of the rajshahi has debate among the historians. Most of the scholars say it was takes from Hindu kings Zamindars or Rajas and persianised Shahi both made Rajshahi, which means kingdom. It was the administrative headquarters of Rajshahi district in Eastern Bengal and Assam during the British Raj. It was originally chosen as a commercial factory for the historical silk trade. It had been officially encouraged by the agricultural department. The city has a government college, and an industrial school for sericulture. Most of the public buildings were severely damaged by the earthquake of 12 June 1897. During the earlier twentieth century there was a daily steamer service on the Ganges. It was connected to rail-heads that led to the provincial capital of Calcutta and the other cities in the province of Bengal. Rajshahi witnessed both great atrocities by the Pakistan army and heroic struggles by the freedom fighters during the liberation war in 1971. The largest mass grave in Bangladesh is located in Rajshahi University, which was used as an army camp during the war. Captain Mohiuddin Jahangir, died in a great battle and was awarded the highest honor (Bir Shrestho) by the government of the country after the war.
Main source of income of the district is Agriculture 59.35%, and others are like commerce 14.25%, transport and communication 4.36%, service 8.97% and others. Rajshahi Metropolitan area was widely known as Silk City of Bangladesh, the National Silk Board is located at Rajshahi. There is an Inter-City train named Silk City after Rajshahi. The train connects Rajshahi to Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh. Rajshahi is famous for mango production and the slik.
Average literacy rate is 30.61%. noted educational institutions are Rajshahi University of Engineering and Technology (2003), Rajshahi Medical College (1962),university of rajshahi (1953),Shitlai Kharkhari and Naohata Primary School (Paba, 1884), Rajshahi Government Madrasa (1874), university of rajshahi (1953), Rajshahi College (1873), Rajshahi Cadet College (1966),Government Laboratory High School (1969), Salua Government Primary School (Charghat, 1885),Birkudsha Abinash High School (Baghmara, 1917), Rajshahi Multilateral Girls’ High School (1926).
Rajshahi district has many places of tourist interest some of them are Puthia Temple Complex, Tomb of Hazrat Shah Makhdum, Kismat Madina Mosque, Bagha Mosque, Bagdhani Mosque, Tomb of Hazrat Shah Sultan, Bara Kuthi, Talando Shiva Mandir etc.
You May Also Read