Shariatpur is a district in the Dhaka Division of central Bangladesh surrounded by Munshiganj district on the north, Barisal district on the south, Chandpur district on the east and Madaripur district on the west. Main rivers are Padma, Meghna, Palong, and Jayanti. It has an area of 1182 sq. km with the population of 1202000. It is consisted of six upazilas Gosairhat, Zanjira, Damudya, Naria, Bhedarganj, and Shariatpur Sadar.
The ancient name of the region was Indrakpur Pargana and in the ancient age the region was under “Banga State”. The two regions named Idilpur and Kedarpur once ruled by Buddhist emperor and they enriched the region much. The region was not conquered in the Mughal era even under the mighty emperor Akbar. It was later ruled by the Baro Bhuyan. Mughol emperor Akbar sent powerful forces to conquer the area but repeatedly failed due to the rough communication and rivers. During the rule of Jahangir son of akbar ali the region was conquered by Islam kha the governor of Bengal. The Mughal rule was collapsed during the British raj. Then Shariatpur became the part of greater Bikrampur. After the liberation of Bangladesh, the formerly government (1976) decided to form a new sub division. Shariatpur was named after Haji Shariatullah who was the founder of Faraizi Movement and a prominent Islamic reformer during British rule. It was declared as a district on March 1984. During the War of Liberation In 1971 the Pak army in collaboration with their local agents conducted mass killing and plundering. In Shariatpur Sadar Upazila in a battle between the freedom fighters and the Pak army about 313 Pak soldiers were killed. A number of freedom fighters were killed in two encounters and one frontal battle with the Pak army in Bhedarganj Upazila. Freedom fighters attacked on the Pak army by guerrilla technique in the upazila. During Bangladesh Liberation War a number of encounters were held between the freedom fighters and the Pak army in some upazilas of the district.
Main sources of income are Agriculture 61.66%, commerce 14.34%, transport and communication 2.41%, service 6.41% and others.
There are 772 primary schools,19 lower secondary schools,83 secondary schools and 42 Madrasas in Shariatpur. There is a private university, one polytechnic institute too. The literacy rate is 38%.
The Shariatpur District is rich in history. The ‘Mansha Bari’ in Dhanuka is one of the oldest historical temples in Shariatpur Sadar. ‘The Burirhat Mosque’ and the ‘Sikder Bari’ in lakarta is quit renowned for their beautiful architectural work.
Notable personalities are included Late Nayan Sharif Sarker(Vice President of Congress), Khuda Buksh regarded as father of Insurance in Bangladesh, Shawkat Ali (Politician), Jogesh Chandra Ghosh (Scholar, Ayurveda Physician, Entrepreneur and Philanthropist), AKM Enamul Hoque Shameem (politician, organizing secretary of Awami League), AKM Shahidul Haque (Inspector General of Police, Bangladesh).