Tangail is a district in the central region of Bangladesh under the divisional zone of Dhaka. It is the largest district of Dhaka division by area and second largest by population. The area of the district is 3,414.28 km² with the population of about 3.8 million.The main city of the district is Tangail. It is bounded by Jamalpur District on the north, the Dhaka and Manikganj Districts on the south, the Mymensingh and Gazipur on the east, and the Sirajganj on the west. Geo location of the district is 24°01′ and 24°47′ north latitudes and in between 89°44′ and 90°18′ east longitudes. Main rivers are jamuna, dhaleshwari, Lohajang, bangshi, turag, Jhinai.Administration of Tangail turned into a district in 1969. ghatail is the largest upazila on the tweleveUpazilas of Tangail.
Tangail was the part of greater Mymensingh until 1969 and separated into a district to suppress mymensing’s dominion. Before the partition of 6 Upazilla from Mymensingh District, its economic growth was higher than the capital Dhaka. To suppress Mymensingh, Greater Mymensingh was separated from their 7 out of 6 UpazillaTangail,Sherpur, Jamalpur, Netrokona. And 6 sub-districts were promoted to district status to avoid conflict with Dhaka. During the early 19th century, the main transportation system for carrying goods and passengers in the current city area were horse carts. A long line of horse carts used to stand at that time. It is believed that the name Tangail has been originated from the word Tanga which means horse carts. In 19th centuryTangail was popular as local business middle point. But the name came on focus when the headquarter of a subdivision of the Greater Mymensingh District was shifted in 1860 from Atiafor the fertility and high elevation near Louhajong River. The porashava, Municipal Corporation was established on 1 July 1887. The city was subdivided into 18 wards and gained its present shape. The first election of the city was held in November 1887. There was no pakka street, No lamp post in this city then. In the 1890s the city was lacking safe water supply, too. The people of Tangail used to visit KolkatathroughCharabari by launchand Dhakathrough Mymensingh. The first electricity line was provided in the town in 1930. The rickshawsstarted to roll in town’s streets and pakka roads were being constructed in the town. In the meantime, Tangail was directly connected to Dhaka by road. Many bridges and culvertswere constructed to develop the area and Tangail City was promoted to ‘B Class’ from ‘C Class’. In 1989 the pourashava was promoted to ‘A Class’. In the 1990s, The city was financed by Asian Development Bankand Government of Bangladeshto develop water supply, sanitation, wastewater drainage and other infrastructure.
Agriculture is the main occupation of the Tangail district with almost 50% of involvement to this sector. The main agricultural products are paddy, potato, jute, sugarcane, wheat, mustard seeds etc. The main fruit products are mangos, jackfruit, bananas, litchis, and pineapples. Other sectors, such as fisheries (446), dairies (189), and industries are developing in the Tangail district. Tangail is the home of the world-famous “TangailSaree”.TangailSareeis a handloom sari made of cotton and silk thread having hand-worked butti design, all-over flowery design, or contemporary art motif is appreciated, bought, and used by women and girls of Bangladeshi and Indian origin all over the world. Tangail Saris are famous at home and abroad. Large numbers of sarees are sold on the occasion of Eid, Puja, PahelaBoishakh and wedding season between November and February. The weavers get orders from home and abroad. A survey conducted in 2013 said there were 60,000 looms in Tangail.
Noted educational institutions are including aulanaBhasani Science and Technology University (1997), KaratiaSadot University College (1926), overnmentBindubashini Girls’ High School (1882), Sibanath High School (1907), BS Bisweswari High School (1926), Rokeya Senior Fazil Madrasa (1925).